Citation Help!

 Citing where you have found your information is the most important and possibly the most tiresome part of putting together any research paper.  You will have to do this many times during your academic career.  While creating citations is a complex process, this page should help you get started.  If the answers to all your citation needs are not found here, visit the staff in one of the TVCC Writing Labs or use one of the website links at the bottom of this page.

Getting started...

There are two types of citing your work and many different ways to do it.  The majority of your TVCC professors use the Modern Language Association's (MLA) citation format so all the examples on this page are from MLA.  However, if your professor asks you to use another, the Library recommends the following sites for APA format and for Chicago or Turbian format.  As for types of citations, there is in-text citing where you note in the sentence your reference and Works Cited or Citation page citing which is a list of your sources included as a separate page at the end of your paper.  For in-text citations, the best way to do this correctly is to ask your instructor what they require.  

For your Citation page in MLA format, use the following examples:


Last name, First name. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

Article in a Magazine or Newspaper

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Periodical Day Month Year: pages. Medium of publication.

Article in a Journal

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium of publication.

Article from a Database

Author. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical or Journal Day Month Year: pages. Title of Database. Web. Date of Access.


Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available). Medium of publication. Date of access.

Putting your Citation page together....

Once you have created your citations, they must be listed in alphabetical order on your page.  For each citation, the second and subsequent lines of the citation need to be indented.  There should be a space between each citation.  Here's an example.

For additional information or more complete citation examples, try this site, the citation generator here, or come check out the MLA handbook in the Library.